Different Perspectives of Tourism? Tourism stakeholders

Any attempting to define tourism and to describe its scope fully must consider the various group that participate in and are affected by this industry

Different Perspectives of Tourism

Any attempt to define tourism and to describe its scope fully must consider the various group that participates in and are affected by this industry. Their perspectives are vital to the development of a comprehensive definition. Four different perspectives of tourism can be identified -


1. The tourist: 
The tourist seeks various psychic and physical experiences and satisfactions. The nature of these will determine the destinations chosen and the activities enjoyed.

2. The business providing tourist goods and services:
Business people see tourism as an opportunity to make a profit by supplying the goods and services that the tourist market demands.

3. The government of the host community or area:
Politicians view tourism as a wealth factor in the economy of their jurisdictions. Their perspective is related to the incomes their citizens can earn from this business. Politicians also consider the foreign exchange receipts from international tourism as well as the tax receipts collected from tourist expenditures, either directly or indirectly. The government can play an important role in tourism policy, development, promotion, and implementation.

4. The host community:
Local people usually see tourism as a cultural and employment factor. Of importance to this group, for example, is the effect of the interaction between large numbers of international visitors and residents. This effect may be beneficial or harmful, or both.

More 4 different perspectives of tourism and hospitality

1. Economic Perspective

Tourism is a multi-billion dollar industry worldwide, and many countries depend heavily on tourism revenues. Most tourists visit destinations due to their unique attractions, natural beauty, or historical significance. However, some tourists visit places to experience activities that they would not otherwise do, such as skydiving or bungee jumping. Tourism often brings economic prosperity to local communities. Many people make a living directly related to tourism, including guides, tour operators, hotel employees, and restaurant owners. In addition to direct employment, tourism creates indirect jobs that may lead to additional spending. For example, visitors who stay at hotels spend money on food, drinks, souvenirs, transportation, entertainment, and other items. These expenditures create further demand for goods and services.

2. Environmental Perspective

Tourists have become increasingly concerned about environmental issues. As a result, some governments require that certain types of tourism adhere to strict guidelines regarding water conservation, air pollution control, and waste management. Other countries have implemented policies designed to protect endangered species and maintain pristine environments.

3. Cultural Perspective

In recent years, tourism has grown significantly around the world. People travel to exotic locations to enjoy cultural experiences, such as visiting museums, attending live performances, tasting foods, and taking part in festivals. Travelers seek out these experiences to broaden their knowledge of different cultures, languages, religions, and lifestyles.

4. Social Perspective

The rise of social media has created opportunities for travelers to share their experiences with others. Today, many people use blogs, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and YouTube to post pictures and videos of their travels. Others write reviews of hotels, restaurants, tours, and other attractions. Through social media, travelers are able to connect with friends and family members back home.

Know more about Tourism:
Definition of Tourism
Types of Tourism
Sustainable Tourism

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My name is Subrato Saha. Blogging is my hobby. I have been working as a blogger from 2013. Rabindra Sangeet "Sur Onuragi"

1 comment

  1. Great to get back tourism on track after covid.